What is Gum disease?
One of the conditions associated with oral health is periodontal disease, or gum disease – a bacterial infection in the gum tissue, characterized by red or puffy gums, bad breath, gums that bleed while brushing or flossing, and loose teeth resulting from bone loss. The American Dental Association and the American Heart Association have also determined that periodontal disease is linked to other health issues, including heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes.
Stages of Gum Disease
The first stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis, and is characterized most commonly by gums that bleed during regular brushing and flossing. Gums may appear red, puffy, or swollen. One common misconception is that it is normal for gums to bleed sometimes. This is false. Your gums should never bleed during regular brushing and flossing, if they do, it means you have gingivitis or early stage gum disease and should consult your Brandon dentist right away.
If gingivitis is left untreated, the gums will become irritated to the point where they actually begin to pull away from the teeth or recede. With gum recession, you may notice teeth appear “larger” than before. Gum recession is dangerous because eventually, deep pockets will form between the teeth and gums, which become a breeding grounds for further infection. When left untreated, the healthy bone that supports the teeth will begin to deteriorate, and the teeth will eventually become loose and fall out. Tooth loss is a serious and irreversible consequence of gum disease left untreated. Not to mention the serious systemic health problems associated, including heart attack, heart disease, diabetes, respiratory disease, and stroke.
Treat & Prevent Gum Disease
Home care and routine dental cleanings and exams with our Brandon, FL dental office team are fundamental to maintaining your overall health and preventing gum infections. It is important to brush and floss routinely in order to remove plaque and bacteria from your teeth and tissue. Drs. Walker and Raynal evaluate the oral health of each patient to determine the level of dental care necessary to treat any periodontal conditions that may be found.